The popularity of Expressionism increased when Antonin Matějček in 1910 coined the term.
Why did Expressionism become popular?
Expressionism in literature arose as a reaction against materialism, complacent bourgeois prosperity, rapid mechanization and urbanization, and the domination of the family within pre-World War I European society. It was the dominant literary movement in Germany during and immediately after World War I.
How did Expressionism impact art?
Abstract Expressionism’s influences were diverse: the murals of the Federal Art Project, in which many of the painters had participated, various European abstract movements, like De Stijl, and especially Surrealism, with its emphasis on the unconscious mind that paralleled Abstract Expressionists’ focus on the artist’s
What historical event influenced Expressionism?
Expressionism was not only an aesthetic style, but a trend closely linked to German history between 1910 and 1925, when the country was suffering from rapid industrialization that had led to a collapse of values, and to fragile human relationships, frenetic city rhythms and forced dependences.
How did it develop Expressionism?
Expressionism originated from a group of artists in Germany during the late 1800s. They viewed the Industrial Revolution as alienating and dehumanizing. They also disliked 19th-century impressionism. A genre that focused on color and “pretty” works of art with no depth.
When did the movement of Expressionism start to decline?
The partial reestablishment of stability in Germany after 1924 and the growth of more overtly political styles of social realism hastened the movement’s decline in the late 1920s. Expressionism was definitively killed by the advent of the Nazis to power in 1933.
Who was seen as a pioneer of the 20th century Expressionism art?
One of the most influential figures of the Post-Impressionism movement in France, Vincent Van Gogh is also seen as a seminal pioneer of 20th century Expressionism.
When did surrealism begin and end?
But the art movement was actually far more diverse than is widely known, spanning various disciplines, styles, and geographies from 1924 until its end in 1966.
When did Expressionism start and end?
When did expressionism start? Expressionism started in 1905 and lasted till approximately 1920.
When was expressionism art developed?
Expressionism first emerged in 1905, when a group of four German students guided by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner founded the Die Brücke (the Bridge) group in the city of Dresden. A few years later, in 1911, a like-minded group of young artists formed Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider) in Munich.
How did Expressionism end?
As the National Socialists gained power in Germany , Expressionism was rejected and condemned, and many of the works produced in the style of the movement were burned and destroyed.
What era is Expressionism from?
Expressionism is a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Northern Europe around the beginning of the 20th century. Its typical trait is to present the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas.
Lecture 04 Abstract Expressionism & The New York School
The History of Modern Art