Although paintings from the earliest ancient and Classical periods included natural scenic elements, landscape as an independent genre did not emerge in the Western tradition until the Renaissance in the 16th century. In the Eastern tradition, the genre can be traced back to 4th-century-ce China.
Why did landscape painting became popular in the 19th century?
Several factors converged during the nineteenth century to broaden the appeal of landscape art. Most noticeable among them was urban growth, which increasingly separated Americans from rural scenes and activities, fostering a nostalgic desire to reconnect with nature.
When did plein air painting start?
Introduction to plein air – The plein air approach was pioneered by John Constable in Britain c. 1813–1, but from about 1860 it became fundamental to impressionism. The popularity of painting en plein air increased in the 1870s with the introduction of paints in tubes (resembling modern toothpaste tubes).
Who inspired Monet to paint outdoors?
In the first of three stories, NPR’s Susan Stamberg travels to France to explore Honfleur and learn more about Eugene Boudin, the man who convinced Monet to paint in the open air.
Who was one of the first 19th century artists to depict modern life subjects?
Édouard Manet (UK: /ˈmæneɪ/, US: /mæˈneɪ, məˈ-/; French: [edwaʁ manɛ]; 23 January 1832 – 30 April 1883) was a French modernist painter. He was one of the first 19th-century artists to paint modern life, as well as a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism.
Who was the first artist known to have painted oil studies outdoors?
Diego Velázquez in Spain. Diego Velázquez created what are thought to be the known first oil sketches in 1630, with his Villa Medici in Rome, Two Men at the Entrance of a Cave (c.
Who created en plein air?
The theory of ‘En plein air’ painting is credited to Pierre-Henri de Valenciennes (1750–1819) first expounded in a treatise entitled Reflections and Advice to a Student on Painting, Particularly on Landscape (1800) where he developed the concept of landscape portraiture by which the artist paints directly onto canvas
What was the response to Impressionism when it first was put in the Salon in 1874 in Paris?
Although the first Impressionist exhibition was well attended, the critics were merciless. Trained to expect the polished illusions of the Salon painters, they were shocked by the raw, unblended, ill-defined paint used by Degas, Renoir, Monet and company.
Introduction to Landscapes – YouTube
A Brief History of Landscape Painting – YouTube
Albert Bierstadt and the American Land – YouTube